Basic woodworking tools: a guide for beginners




For many people, woodwork is a hobby, especially men in households indulge in this activity. They try to fix everyday furniture at home. It saves the cost of going to a professional and also gives them something to do in their free time.

Woodworking, as a profession, could be a bit rigorous. As they have to turnover multiple furniture items in a day, the job requires swiftness and finesse at the same time.

So, as a professional, he needs to invest a lot in instruments to achieve that swiftness and finesse.

But if you are a beginner or just taking it up as a hobby, don’t be worried. It requires some very basic tools to take care of home furniture. As you have a lot of time on your hands, you don’t have to worry about timely turnover either, just the finesse.

So, what type of tools do you need to begin with? Let’s have a look-

Scraper

Scrapers are a must-have tool if you are refurbishing furniture. Scrapers are used to pull off the stripping gel of the surface of furniture. It’s also used to smooth out uneven surfaces by scraping some wood.

Be careful with this tool, as it comes with a sharp edge. Not only you could get a nasty cut from it, but it could also damage your furniture by scraping out parts you don’t want to. Try to gently press the scraper on the surface and carve out the exact part you need.

Scrappers can be used to decorate furniture too. Their sharp edges can carve out any shape you want. Using them, you can make some basic shapes on the furniture surface.

Bench vise
Bench vises are an important tool in any workshop, not just woodwork. Bench vises are used for holding stuff together.

Vibrations could displace the wood from the intended position we want. It holds the wood in place when we give it shape.

Saws

Every time you think of woodworking, the first tool that comes to mind is the saw. The saws are a very important part of woodworking. It is a basic wood cutting tool that is used to give rough shapes to woods.
There are various types of saws out there that can be used. Let’s explore some of them-

Circular saw

Circular saws are a type of automatic saw. It has a round blade at one end of it. The blade rotates when the trigger is pushed inward.

This fast-rotating blade can be used to carve out chunks of wood. It’s very efficient, as it can do the work faster than any hand-held saw. In terms of giving shape, it has advantages too.

Handheld saw

Now let’s explore the most common type of saw, the hand-held saw. The most basic type of hand-held saw has a handle in one end, holding the jagged blade.

The biggest advantage of a hand-held saw is- it’s cheap and widely available. It’s also convenient to carry. It can do the job of wood cutting; however, it takes more time than circular ones.

For a beginner, starting with the hand-held saws could be an important learning opportunity. You give the shapes you want, using your own hand, with these saws.

Jigsaw

It is another powerful tool that’s fully automatic. It is used to give wood various shapes.
A jigsaw is a machine with multiple types of detachable blades. These blades are jagged in various shapes. It helps cut the wood in different shapes and produce fine-edged timber.

Some of the top jigsaws are very cheap and easy to handle.

Power drill

Power drills are used to drill holes into pieces of wood. Drills are very important for woodworking.

If you are doing renovation work, you may have to attach external pieces of wood on the furniture. If you are making new furniture, then you will have to attach pieces of wood, and one of the best ways is to use screws. For that purpose, you will need to use drills.

The main drill machines are the same for woodwork and all other works. The difference is in the bits. There are special drill bits for woodwork.

Smooth works

Surface smoothers are contraptions that are used to smooth out the surface of furniture. There are various types-

Paper sander

Paper sanders are the most common type of smoothers. It has a flat side. The other side of it is sharp and can smooth out a wooden surface by taking out the uneven wooden parts in forms of grain.

Automatic sander

Just like hand-held saw’s substitute circular saw, this is a mechanical substitute of paper sanders. Automatic sanders are very efficient. You can adjust the speed of the sander to get the perfect amount of sanding.

Steel wool

Steel wools are another sanding material. Of all the sanding materials we have mentioned here, steel wool is the most inefficient. But we would still recommend it for places like edges and critical angles.

Miscellaneous

There are various other tools you will need for your wood workshop. These tools are small but very handy, such as-

Screwdriver

Screwdrivers are a very important tool for woodworks. They are used to put screws into place.

If you are pulling apart furniture, it could come in handy to unscrew the joints. Screwdrivers can work as chisels too, in narrow places, where a regular chisel may not enter.

Hammer

Hammers are essential for any woodwork. To hammer that pin down or smooth out uneven edges by beating them some or to put hinges in, hammers are used everywhere in a wooden workshop.

Measuring tapes

To make furniture or to even repair it, measurements are very important. After you pull apart old furniture, if you didn’t know the original measurements, it would be very tough to put it together again.

A measuring tape could come in handy in this type of situation. There are both automatic and non-automatic kinds out there. You can buy whichever is convenient for you.

Working Table

A working table is a central component in a wood workshop. This is the table you put your wood on, give shape, and draw designs on. The table needs to be sturdy enough to withhold pressures and cuts.

Woodworking as a hobby or as a profession, requires a lot of passion. To guide your passion, you would require the tools that come in handy for woodwork. So,before you start woodworking, make a list of the tools you will need and gather them first. Our list here, will certainly be of benefit to you in this regard.