Human Resource function is very important in business. By human resource, we are referring to the human element of the business.

Human Resource Management

There's no business that doesn't require the presence of human resource management for it to achieve its objectives. In fact, all business, small or large, new or old, need human resource management for it to continue to exist and grow.

Just like the heart supplies your body with blood to enable it to live, the human resource or personnel function supplies the business with people to enable to do business continuously.

The main objective of Human Resource Management, therefore, is to make sure that a business employs the right number and type of employees at the right time.

To be able to achieve this objective, the human resource/personnel manager must perform the following functions:
  • Human resource planning which ensures that the business has the right number and type of employees at the right time;
  • Recruitment which is aimed at seeking and finding potential employees;
  • The selection which deals with choosing the most suitable employee for a specific job or position;
  • Placement which implies placing the employee in the post; 
  • The orientation which means introducing the new employees to the business, its procedures, the work environment and to all the other employees.

What is Human Resource Management?

Human Resource Management can be defined as that aspect of mana that deals with the procurement or acquisition, utilization, maintenance and separation of human resource aspect of the business. It involves employing, utilizing, developing, motivating and maintaining the human resource of the business in order to achieve business objectives.

Essentially, the objectives of human resource or personnel management are:
  • To ensure the business has the right number and type of employees needed to achieve its objectives 
  • To ensure proper utilization of human resource 
  • To create the desired working relationships among employees
  • To ensure proper development of employees.

Activities Of Human Resource (Personnel) Management

For people asking “What Does A Human Resource Manager Do,” the following are the human resource management activities of any business or organization:
  1. Manpower Planning: This involves the determination of the type and number of people that are needed for business to expand or continue to exist productively. It's the process of ensuring that business has the right number of people with the right skills at the right time.
  2. Employment: This involves recruitment, selection, and placement of workers. Recruitment means seeking and attracting potential employees while selection means choosing the most suitable person for a specific post.
  3. Training and Development: This involves updating the skills and knowledge of workers for better job performance. Training is the systematic process by which the employees acquire knowledge, skills, aptitudes, and information development. On the other hand, is the p whereby manager acquires the necessary experience, management skills and aptitudes to function successfully as managers.
  4. Salary and Wage Administration: It's the responsibility of the personnel manager to ensure that employees are adequately and equitably remunerated. This involves making sure that what they are paid commensurate with the services they render to the business.
  5. Staff Discipline: This involves making sure that the employees obey the rules and regulations of the business or organization. There are different ways erred employees can be disciplined, namely oral warning, written warning, demotion, loss of privileges, suspension, and dismissal or summary dismissal.
  6. Performance Appraisal: This is a periodic and systematic assessment or evaluation of employees' performances for the management decision making.
  7. Personnel Administration: This personnel division is responsible for thorough record keeping of all relevant human resource data such as age, qualifications, etc and each person's service record in the business organization, including promotions, merits, transfers, etc. This is necessary for management decision making concerning the employees.
  8. Labour Relations: Labour relation are concerned with the creation, maintenance and administration of rules, control process, ideologies, interactions, and relationships in the workplace.
  9. Integration: This involves effecting a reasonable reconciliation between an individual interest and organizational interest. The organizational interest should not suppress the individual interest.
  10. Provision of Good Working Conditions: It's the responsibility of the business to provide essential working conditions that are pleasant and safe for employees to be motivated and productive.
  11. Orientation or Induction: It's a process whereby new employees are first introduced to the business, its procedures, environment and work situation and, secondly, to their coworkers, subordinates, and superiors. It motivates the new employees, makes them happy or excited and puts them at ease.

Interesting Facts I Bet You Never Knew About Human resource planning

Human Resource Planning is also called manpower or personnel planning. It's defined as a strategy for the acquisition, improvement, and retention of an enterprise's human resource. 

Bulla and Scott in Armstrong 2006 define human resource planning as “the process for ensuring that human resource management of an organization are identified and plans are made for satisfying those recruitments. Simply put,  Human Resource Planning is concerned with identifying the business demand for human resource and devising means to ensure that a sufficient supply of labour is available to meet that demand.”

Essentially, Human Resource seems to address two basic questions: first, how many people, and second, what sort of people?

It addresses business human resource needs both in quantitative and qualitative terms. 

The aims of human resource planning are as follows:
  • To attract and retain the number of people required with the appropriate skills, expertise, and competencies 
  • To anticipate the problems of potential surpluses or deficits of people 
  • To develop a well trained and flexible workforce, thus, contributing to the organization's ability to adapt to an uncertain and changing environment 
  • To reduce dependence on external recruitment when their skills are in short supply by formulating retention, as well as employee development strategies 
  • To improve the utilization of people by introducing a more flexible system of work.

The Lazy (Quick) Way To Human Resource Process

Human Resource Process involves the following steps:
  • Human Resource Inventory: Here, you are to take the statistics of the current employees in terms of skills, experiences, qualifications, and other factors.
  • Human Resource Forecast: You are to determine the future human resource requirements also in terms of skills, experiences, qualifications, and other factors.
  • Human Resource Plan: At this stage, you are to compare the over human resource needs to the current inventory of staff to determine net human resource n and develop a human resources plan so as to match the supply of labour with the estimated demand. The decision may be to reduce or increase the staff strength of the business or to train the current employees.
The above steps are what you need If really you want to run your business into a success. 

Just follow the above SuperEasy Ways To Learn Everything About Human Resource Management.

If you are confused about anything on this topic, feel free to ask via comment box I will surely reply.
Safe Milli

Safe Milli

Welcome to ComfortSkillz.com. I am Barnabas, A Student of Office Technology and Management at Federal Polytechnic Idah (FPI), Kogi State, Nigeria. The C.E.O. of comfortskillz blog.

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